University of Calgary

Anna-Maria Hubert

  • Assistant Professor


Anna-Maria joined the Faculty of Law in 2015. She is also an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Science, Innovation and Society (InSIS) at the University of Oxford.

In addition, she is currently completing her doctorate at the University of Bremen, Faculty of Law, where she was awarded a research associate position through the Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) and MARUM Centre for Marine Environmental Sciences from 2010 to 2013. Her doctoral research examines progressive developments in the regime for marine scientific research under the law of the sea, primarily with a view to understanding its legal and practical implications for advancing the protection and preservation of the marine environment.

From 2013 to 2015, Anna-Maria worked at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potsdam, Germany.


Law 627: International Environmental Law
Law 693: Law of the Sea

Research/Scholarly Activities

Anna-Maria’s research interests generally lie in the field of public international law, focusing on the law of the sea, international environmental law, and international law and policy relating to science and emerging technologies. 

Anna-Maria is the Principal Investigator for the Geoengineering Research Governance Project (GRGP), a joint initiative of the University of Calgary, IASS-Potsdam and the University of Oxford. It seeks to enhance understanding about the complex issues posed by proposed geoengineering techniques, and to analyse the changes required in governance and legal frameworks necessary to enable effective oversight in this space in line with accepted principles.

During her tenure at the IASS, Anna-Maria worked in an interdisciplinary research group studying the implications geoengineering interventions in the global environment, mainly for the purpose of counteracting climate change. In connection with her research examining the regulation and governance of this array of technological proposals, she has acted as a consultant and provided information and advice to governments, treaty bodies and intergovernmental organisations, NGOs, and scientific institutions on this topic. Since 2013, she has served as advisor to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and delegate at the meetings of the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter and its 1996 Protocol (known as the London Convention and Protocol).

Anna-Maria has received diplomas from the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy in 2010, and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) Summer Academy in 2012.

Selected Publications and Presentations


  • "Marine Scientific Research and the Protection of the Seas and Oceans" in Rosemary Rayfuse (ed), Research Handbook on International Marine Environmental Law (Edward Elgar, forthcoming October 2015)
  • "State Responsibility for Environmental Harm from Climate Engineering" (with David Reichwein, Peter J. Irvine, Francois Benduhn, and Mark G. Lawrence) Climate Law (special issue on climate geoengineering, forthcoming 2015)
  • "An Exploration of a Draft Code of Conduct for Scientific Research involving Geoengineering: Introduction, Draft Articles and Commentaries" (with David Reichwein) IASS Working Paper, InSIS Occasional Paper No 1, Potsdam & Oxford
  • Correspondence: "Field Tests of Solar Climate Engineering" (with Stefan Schäfer, Peter J. Irvine, David Reichwein, Sean Low, Harald Stelzer, Achim Mass and Mark G. Lawrence) (2013) 3 Nature Climate Change 766
  • "Regulating Geoengineering Research through Domestic Environmental Protection Frameworks: Reflections on the Recent Canadian Ocean Fertilization Case" (with Neil Craik and Jason Blackstock) (2013) Carbon and Climate Law Review 117
  • "The New Paradox in Marine Scientific Research: Regulating the Potential Environmental Impacts of Conducting Ocean Science" (2011) 42 Ocean Development & International Law 329

Scholarly Presentations

  • "The Regulation of Scientific Research involving Geoengineering" conference session on "International Law for the Regulation of Climate Engineering," CEC '14, Berlin, Germany (August 2014)
  • "The Freedom of Scientific Research in International Human Rights Law" session on "Climate Geoengineering and the Potential Role of Human Rights Regimes," CEC '14, Berlin, Germany (August 2014)
  • International expert panel convenor with Dorothée Herr, Marine Programme Officer, IUCN, "Traversing the Oceans-Climate Change Divide in International Law and Politics" for European Maritime Week, Berlin, Germany (August 2014) <>
  • "Climate-related Geoengineering' at the European Expert Meeting in Preparation of CBD SBSTTA-18, Isle of Vilm, Germany (May 2014)
  • "The Functional Relationship between Substance and Process: Situating Process Mechanisms for Governing Climate Engineering with the Wider Normative International Legal Landscape" Workshop on Understanding Process Mechanisms for the Regulation of SRM Field Experiments co-hosted by University College London, University of Waterloo and the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Germany (April 2014)

ABlawg: The Faculty of Law Blog

Photograph of Anna-Maria Hubert
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