University of Calgary

Publications - 2018


Atiśa and Ratnākaraśānti as Philosophical Opponents with attention to Yuktiṣaṣṭikā, verse 34

Apple, James

Ibn ‘Arabi’s Metaphysics of Love

Ibrahim, Hany

Instances of the Middle Way in Early Mahāyāna Sūtras

Apple, James

Khu lo tsā ba’s Treatise: Distinguishing the Svātantrika/*Prāsaṅgika Difference in Early Twelfth Century Tibet

Apple, James

Narrating the Adulterous Woman: A Perspective on Sukasaptati

Sudindra Rao, Anusha

The Evangelical Dictionary of World Religions

House, H Wayne, Hexham, Irving and Bowman, Robert M

The Goddess and The King in Indian Myth: Ring Composition, Royal Power, and the Dharmic Double Helix.

Balkaran, Raj

The Sanskrit narrative text Devī Māhātmya, “The Greatness of The Goddess,” extols the triumphs of an all-powerful Goddess, Durgā, over universe-imperiling demons. These exploits are embedded in an intriguing frame narrative: a deposed king solicits the counsel of a forest-dwelling ascetic, who narrates the tripartite acts of Durgā which comprise the main body of the text. It is a centrally important early text about the Great Goddess, which has significance to the broader field of Purāṇic Studies. This book analyzes the Devī Māhātmya and argues that its frame narrative cleverly engages a dichotomy at the heart of Hinduism: the opposing ideals of asceticism and kingship. These ideals comprise two strands of what is referred to herein as the dharmic double helix. It decodes the symbolism of encounters between forest hermits and exiled kings through the lens of the dharmic double helix, demonstrating the extent to which this common narrative trope masterfully encodes the ambivalence of brāhmaṇic ideology. Engaging the tension between the moral necessity for nonviolence and the sociopolitical necessity for violence, the book deconstructs the ideological ambivalence throughout the Devī Māhātmya to demonstrate that its frame narrative invariably sheds light on its core content. Its very structure serves to emphasize a theme that prevails throughout the text, one inalienable to the rubric of the episodes themselves: sovereignty on both cosmic and mundane scales. The book sheds new light on the content of the Devī Māhātmya and contextualizes it within the framework of important debates within early Hinduism. It will be of interest to academics in the fields of Asian Religion, Hindu Studies, Goddess Studies, South Asian Studies, Narrative Studies and comparative literature.


The Lotus sutra in Tibetan Buddhist History and Culture. Part II

Apple, James

The Old Tibetan Version of the Kāśyapaparivarta preserved in Fragments from Dunhuang (2).

Apple, James

The Spiritual Exercises of the Middle Way: Reading Atiśa’s Madhyamakopadeśa with Hadot

Apple, James in Fiordalis, David Hadot and Buddhist Thought

This chapter provides a close reading of the Special Instructions on the Middle Way (madhyamakopadeśa) of Atiśa Dīpaṃkaraśrījñāna (982-1054 CE) using the approach of Pierre Hadot (1922-2010) to interpreting philosophia as a way of life. The paper first outlines the attractiveness of Pierre Hadot’s program for reading ancient philosophy and his notions of spiritual exercises and philosophia. The paper then addresses recent critiques of interpreting Buddhist thought as philosophia within the socio-historical context of Indian Buddhism. In response to such criticisms, a reading of Atiśa’s Special Instructions on the Middle Way (hereafter, Special Instructions) furnishes a case study for Buddhist spiritual exercises within a way of life that brings about self-transformation.


The Stairway of Correct Conventional Reality: Significant Variant Readings in Candrakīrti’s Madhyamakāvatāra (6.79)

Apple, James
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