University of Calgary

ARKY 439 - African Complex Societies - Winter 2021

Ancient African complex societies with an emphasis on state development south of the Sahara. Topics include why these states developed, their participation in internal and international systems of exchange, technological developments, belief systems that supported power structures, and the reasons for their collapse. Time period covered is from the rise of the ancient state of Egypt to the colonial period.
This course may not be repeated for credit.


  • H(3-0)


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