University of Calgary

BIOL 453 - Plants in their Environment - Winter 2023

An integration of physiological and ecological aspects of plant adaptation to different environments. Topics include interactions between plants and other organisms (e.g., bacterial and fungal symbionts, animal pollinators, herbivores) as well as the influence of abiotic stressors on plant growth and distribution. The ecological consequences and possible applications of such interactions are discussed.
This course may not be repeated for credit.


  • H(3-0)


  • Biology 313; and 3 units from Botany 303, Biology 371 or Plant Biology 403.


  • Credit for Biology 453 and 351 will not be allowed.


This course will be offered next in Winter 2024.
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